The system of general education consists of primary (Grades 1-4), junior secondary (Grades 5-9) and senior secondary education (Grades 10-12). Junior secondary education is a constituent part of a comprehensive basic school education (Grades 1-9) or of a full primary secondary school education (Grades 1-12), which also includes senior secondary school.
In addition, secondary education can be attended at various other types of schools such as grammar schools (gymnasium), secondary level boarding schools, special schools (for pupils with special needs), adult education institutions, and schools for socially-disadvantaged pupils. There are four types of vocational schools, two of which provide secondary education in addition to professional education and training. College type (post-secondary, former technicums) institutions organise professional studies.
Lithuanianís research and higher education system is based on the Law on Research and Higher Education, which was adopted by the Supreme Council on 21 February 1991. According to this act and the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, the principles of university autonomy, academic freedom and the integration of research and higher education are guaranteed.
State higher education institutions are established, reorganised and closed by the Seimas, which also approves their statutes. Private higher education institutions may be established after receiving a licence from the government. The targets of the current reform process in the research and higher education system are democratisation, development of self-government and modernisation of the study programmes. The reform is aimed at bringing Lithuanianís research and higher education system closer to Western European and world-wide standards, ensuring partnership relations.
ABOUT ENIC HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM SYSTEM OF NATIONAL EDUCATION ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK CREDENTIAL EVALUATION
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